In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

IVF Treatment in Delhi

The term IVF, or In-Vitro Fertilization, usually indicates a series of medical procedures, which can help with fertility. Besides, an individual can also opt for an IVF treatment in Delhi to prevent the newborn from having any genetic anomalies.

During the procedure, the doctor will collect or retrieve mature eggs from the ovary and fertilize them with active sperms. Then, he/she will transfer the embryo (fertilized eggs) to a healthy uterus to contribute to the birth of the baby.

However, the aforementioned steps are usually done separately for better clarification and efficiency. In some cases, a single cycle of the procedure might require almost three weeks to complete. So, being patient and calm is the key to success in this aspect.

Which Causes of Infertility Can Be Treated by IVF?

IVF is best suited for treating a range of fertility issues including:

  • Women who have blocked or absent fallopian tubes or endometriosis
  • Men suffering from low sperm count
  • Women’s age
  • Ovulation problems, for example, caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Unexplained infertility

For individuals who are known carriers of genetic disorders, IVF with preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is one of the most reliable ways to ensure that a child conceived will not suffer from the disorder.

IVF with donor sperm can help patients who suffer from male infertility achieve this goal.

Usually, IVF treatment is considered to be the last resort for couples who are unable to conceive. However, unlike the other less-invasive method, this procedure can cure several severe causes of Infertility.

Here, in this section, we will be talking about the contributors to infertility that can be treated with IVF. So, let’s get started.

  • Blockage or Damage of the Fallopian Tube: A blockage of the fallopian tube will not allow the eggs to be fertilized properly and if fertilized, it can prevent the embryo from traveling to the uterus for further maturation.
  • Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a type of uterine disorder that occurs when the uterine tissues begin growing outside the uterus. They can affect the natural function of your ovary, fallopian tubes, and uterus.
  • Ovulation Disorder: For some known and unknown reasons, the procedure of ovulation becomes absent or infrequent. Consequently, it can lead to the availability of fewer eggs for proper fertilization.
  • Uterine Fibroids: Fibroids are, in essence, a type of benign tumor, which grows in the uterine walls and interferes with the implantation of fertilized eggs. It is usually more common amongst women aged above 40.

Besides the aforementioned ones, IVF can also be ideal for impaired sperm functioning, genetic disorders, tubal sterilization, etc.

IVF Treatment Procedure at Mediworld

top ivf center delhi

Our fertility specialist along with our embryologists will study your specific situation and determine if IVF is the right course of treatment for you. For many couples, IVF treatment in Delhi is the most suitable option.

So where do we begin?

Step 1 • Initiation of the IVF Cycle

At first, few blood tests will be done to ensure all hormonal levels are optimal for beginning the cycle. During the first phase of an IVF cycle, women are typically given medications that may include oral contraceptives or estrogen to coordinate the start of the treatment cycle. This step is essential for women with irregular menstrual cycles.

Step 2 • Ovulation Induction

The next step of the IVF cycle involves the female partner starting ovarian stimulation, carefully managed by a fertility specialist.

Women with a history of irregular menses and/or ovulatory dysfunction, or women with unexplained infertility benefit from ovulation induction. Hormonal medications in the form of injections or oral tablets are used to induce ovulation. The first injection is an FSH injection, which stands for Follicle Stimulating Hormone. These medications stimulate endogenous production of hormones, this, in turn, results in the stimulation of the ovary to mature and release one or more eggs.

How many injections do you need for IVF?

Injectable medications are typically more effective than oral medications and are often used when oral medications have been unsuccessful. Typically, you will receive injections for 8 to 10 days for the body to produce more mature eggs for retrieval and return to the clinic for the next procedure.

Your doctor will conduct an ultrasound scan and a blood test to confirm the progress of ovulation.

Step 3: Collection and preparation of the gametes (the oocyte and sperm)

At the end of the stimulation, all the oocytes are collected through a procedure called ‘oocyte pick up’.

The embryologist plays an important role in the IVF procedure for fertilization. Their role is to collect eggs and sperms, management of gamets, preparing semen samples, selecting healthy eggs, and overall assisting in creating a viable embryo. The key responsibility of an embryologist is the screening of the genetic material of embryos for any abnormalities or diseases, followed by selecting the healthy embryo for a healthy baby. They are also involved in the freezing of eggs, sperm, or embryos as well as preparing donor gamers or embryo during the IVF treatment in the Delhi process

On a day of egg collection, you will be given anesthesia to ensure you are comfortable during the process. This process takes around 5-10 minutes; you will be completely asleep whilst your fertility doctor uses a small needle, to drain the follicles. The eggs are located and collected under the guidance of ultrasound.

If your partner is supplying the semen sample, it is collected and prepared by the embryologist. The healthiest motile sperm are isolated for the fertilization process. Then, these selected healthy sperms are placed with eggs in culture dishes in the incubator overnight.

Step 4: Embryo development and selection

Once fertilization has taken place, the fertilized eggs are transferred to a new specialized culture medium to support the next stage of their development and growth. Our embryology team closely examines and records the embryo’s development. These fertilized eggs develop in an incubator over a five-day period where they will divide and grow into Blastocysts.

The Genetic laboratory will check and evaluate the fertilized embryos based on their DNA collected from embryo cells. They will check whether embryos have the right number of chromosomes and all the necessary structures are in place for healthy development.

If you do not require PGT testing, the selection of embryos is done by an experienced embryologist based on the morphology of the embryo. The healthy embryos that will give the best chance of achieving a viable pregnancy are identified for embryo transfer.

Step 5: Embryo transfer

During the embryo transfer, your doctor will use a catheter to transfer the embryo under the guidance of the ultrasound to ensure appropriate placement. This procedure is not painful and very much like a PAP smear, it takes about five minutes and you can return to work afterward.

Step 6: Embryo Cryopreservation

If you have a number of viable embryos, you may want to consider freezing them for future use. The process is known as cryopreserving. Your fertility specialist will discuss this option with you in detail during your IVF cycle.

About 10-15 days after embryo transfer a pregnancy test is done. If you have missed this period it’s a distinct sign of pregnancy, nevertheless, you will always undergo a pregnancy blood test for confirmation. Once pregnancy has been confirmed, you will be shifted to OB/GYN to continue pre-natal care.